Saturday, 27 September 2014
In 499 B.C. the Greek cities of Ionia rebelled against Persian rule.
The Persian king, Darius, crushed the revolt and sacked Miletus.
Darius invaded Greece to punish Athens for the support of the
failed revolt in Ionia. A first Persian invasion failed when
the Persian fleet was destroyed in a storm off Mount Athos.
A second expedition was decisively beaten by the Athenians
and their allies on land at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC.
Xerxes, Darius' son and successor, launched a third expedition on a massive scale on land and sea. To avoid the risk of losing the fleet in a storm Xerxes ordered a canal to be dug through the Athos Peninsula, a notoriously stormy area. As the army advanced along the Thracian coast Persian diplomats attempted to persuade the Greeks to submit. Many cities and the Greek oracle at Delphi decided to accept Persian terms, but some twenty cities, under the leadership of Sparta, refused to yield.
On August, 480 B.C., 300 Spartans and 5 600 other warriors died at Thermoplylae in a vain attempt to stop the Persian advance. Then, as Xerxes' army marched south, the Athenians were compelled to evacuate the city, which was burned by the Persians.
Yet the Persians had difficulty in supplying their army and Xerxes decided to attack the Greek fleet, which had taken refuge in the Strait of Salamis near Athens. In the narrow Strait, the superior Persian fleet became disorganised and the Greeks, by skillful maneuvering, were able to win a decisive victory. Xerxes ordered an immediate retreat to prevent his army from being trapped.
A token army was left in Greece but this force was destroyed the following year at the Battle of Plataea. After this defeat the Persians abandoned their expansionist aims and the independence of Greek civilization was secured.
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Saturday, 20 September 2014
Friday, September 4, 2009
North America extensively explored and settled by ancient Israelites, Phoenicians, Celts, Libyans, & Carthagians as early as 1000 B.C.
Source: North America Was Inhabited By Israelites 1000 Years or More Before 1492
Absolutely fascinating information. E.g., a stone carving of the Ten Commandments in Paleo-Hebrew exists in New Mexico (known as the "Los Lunas Stone") that can be dated no later than 500 B.C., and probably to the reign of King Solomon around 1000 B.C.
Thousands of Roman coins have been discovered in New England, from the Phoenician-Israelite trading settlements. Celto-Iberian, Greek, Norse, and Carthagian coins found all over North America. Hebrew, Celto-Gaelic, Norse, and Libyan stone inscriptions and artifacts all over the continent. And much more evidence covered.
The Los Lunas Decalogue Stone is a huge boulder on the side of Hidden Mountain, near Los Lunas, New Mexico, approximately 35 miles south of Albuquerque. This stone shows the Ten Commandments written in ancient paleo-Hebrew script. (Source)
Ancient Israel around the time of David and Solomon (the richest king of all history) circa 1000 B.C. was a great and powerful nation and ruled a vast "empire" in the Mid-East and Mediterranean region. At that time, Israel was allied with the Phoenicians and Egyptians, and had a large fleet of ships, with which for instance they explored and transported metals such as tin and copper from mines in Britain, Spain, and probably North America back to the land of Israel. Later the Carthagians, an Israelite-Phoenician people, explored and settled the continent from around 900 - 200 B.C. And evidence demonstrates that various Celtic peoples from Europe settled North America in the centuries after the time of Christ until around around 1000 A.D. when they suddenly vanished (mostly being absorbed among the asiatic "indians").
- Link between the Vikings and the early cultures of the Yucatan and Central America? - Legends of White "gods" who sailed to central America
- Ancient city discovered deep in Amazonian rainforest linked to the legendary blonde-haired "white warrior cloud people" of Peru
- Welsh settlers in North America 300 years before Columbus - stone fortifications left behind - origins of "white indians"
- The Kensington Rune Stone - Norsemen Travelled to Minnesota in 1362
- More Hidden History